Working with Pandas and NumPy

openpyxl is able to work with the popular libraries Pandas and NumPy

NumPy Support

openpyxl has builtin support for the NumPy types float, integer and boolean. DateTimes are supported using the Pandas’ Timestamp type.

Working with Pandas Dataframes

The openpyxl.utils.dataframe.dataframe_to_rows() function provides a simple way to work with Pandas Dataframes:

from openpyxl.utils.dataframe import dataframe_to_rows
wb = Workbook()
ws =

for r in dataframe_to_rows(df, index=True, header=True):

While Pandas itself supports conversion to Excel, this gives client code additional flexibility including the ability to stream dataframes straight to files.

To convert a dataframe into a worksheet highlighting the header and index:

wb = Workbook()
ws =

for r in dataframe_to_rows(df, index=True, header=True):

for cell in ws['A'] + ws[1]: = 'Pandas'"pandas_openpyxl.xlsx")

Alternatively, if you just want to convert the data you can use write-only mode:

from openpyxl.cell.cell import WriteOnlyCell
wb = Workbook(write_only=True)
ws = wb.create_sheet()

cell = WriteOnlyCell(ws) = 'Pandas'

 def format_first_row(row, cell):

    for c in row:
        cell.value = c
        yield cell

rows = dataframe_to_rows(df)
first_row = format_first_row(next(rows), cell)

for row in rows:
    row = list(row)
    cell.value = row[0]
    row[0] = cell

This code will work just as well with a standard workbook.

Converting a worksheet to a Dataframe

To convert a worksheet to a Dataframe you can use the values property. This is very easy if the worksheet has no headers or indices:

df = DataFrame(ws.values)

If the worksheet does have headers or indices, such as one created by Pandas, then a little more work is required:

data = ws.values
cols = next(data)[1:]
data = list(data)
idx = [r[0] for r in data]
data = (islice(r, 1, None) for r in data)
df = DataFrame(data, index=idx, columns=cols)